Defintion: A person, mostly women, who looks after a women and her pregnancy from the beginning and six weeks after.
Originated: Midwifery originally was practiced on slaves and others who could not afford to be in the hospital. During the 1960's womens groups in Britian and the USA started a Home Birth Movement. This argues that childbirth become overly medicalised and that they believe birthing should take place in the home. Since nurse-midwives had been trained in an academic setting, educational standards began to be set, this gave them a strong comeback.
Process: Through most of labor the women will inhale pain-reducing anesthesia agents. Near the end of labor the woman is given general anesthesia to put her to sleep. Since she could not push the baby out, a physician will use forceps, large steel spoons, around the baby's head to pull it out. This system served several purposes: pregnant women experienced less pain during labor; the hospital staff appreciated caring for less noisy patients; and physicians controlled the whole birthing process. At this time, it was thought that the babywas not greatly affected by drugs given to the mother.
Why is this important in the 1960? In the 1960's, there was a growing movement among women to regain control of their bodies. One important part of this was their right to choose how to give birth. This was also the time fewer than seventy nurse-midwives were in practice in the U.S.
Results from this can lead to leaving marks such as.......forcep2.jpg
(These methods are no long used. C-sections subsituted the use of forceps)
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Works Cited
" YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. ." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com>.
"Sex in the 1960s: Giving Birth - 1960's Medicine and Health." eNotes - Literature Study Guides, Lesson Plans, and More.. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.enotes.com/1960-medicine-health-american-decades/sex-giving-birth>.
anatomy, Dr. Valentine Seaman. Dr. William Shippen began a course in. "The History of Midwifery and Childbirth - A Time Line." Midwifery Today - Pregnancy, Birth, Homebirth and Midwife Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2012. <http://www.midwiferytoday.com/articles/timeline.asp>.

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